Posts tagged China
[December 21, 2010]
Profile of China’s telecom industry in Jan-Nov
BEIJING, Dec 21, 2010 (Xinhua via COMTEX) — The following is a profile of China’s telecom industry from January to November of 2010: — Overview China’s telecom industry registered 2,815.28 billion yuan in business volume in January-November 2010, up 20.6 percent year on year. Its main operating turnovers totaled 819.03 billion yuan in the period, up 6.6 percent.
The following chart (Chart 1) shows the industry’s main operating turnover in 2007-2010.
— Subscribers The sector registered 6.506 million new phone subscribers in November, bringing the total number up to 1,148.628 million. The number of fixed phone users fell by 1.737 million, but that of mobile phone users grew 8.243 million in the month.
In the first eleven months of the year, the number of fixed phone users in China declined by 15.391 million to 298.341 million. The Personal Handyphone System users fell in number by 15.647 million to 30.347 million, with its proportion in fixed phone users dropping to 10.2 percent from 14.7 percent at the end of 2009.
The following Chart 2 shows the number of newly added fixed phone users in 2007-2010.
The number of mobile phone subscribers increased 103.073 million in the first eleven months, boosting the total number to 945.117 million.
The following Chart 3 shows detailed figures in 2007-2010.
More basic telecom operators’ Internet users have adopted broadband access services.
In January-November, the number of Internet broadband access users rose by 20.911 million to 124.889 million, while that of dial up Internet services retreated by 1.421 million.
The following Chart 4 shows the number of new Internet broadband users in 2007-2010.
— Business Structure The two charts below (Chart 5 and 6) compare the revenue structures of China’s main telecom businesses in the first eleven months of 2009 and 2010, respectively.
Revenues from mobile communications grew year on year by 11.6 percent to 571.88 billion yuan in the first eleven months of this year; and those from fixed-line communications declined 3.44 percent on year to 247.15 billion yuan, with the proportion in the industry’s main operating turnovers dwindling to 30.18 percent from 33.3 percent of the same period of 2009.
The following table compares the traffic volume of local fixed line phone calls with mobile phone calls in Jan-Nov 2010.
Comparison of call duration and traffic volume between fixed phone calls and mobile phone calls in Jan-Nov 2010 Index Units Jan-Nov 2010 Jan-Nov 2009 Change (%) Local fixed-phone calls Billion times 402.45 497.66 -19.1 –Traditional fixed-phone calls Billion times 346.31 387.78 -10.7 –Wireless local calls Billion times 56.14 109.88 -48.9 Mobile phone calls Billion minutes 3,177.33 2.672.22 18.9 — Regional development Telecom business revenues in east, central and west China during the first eleven months went up 4.7 percent, 6.5 percent and 8.6 percent, respectively.
The following Chart 7 compares the revenues by region in 2009-2010.
The following chart (Chart makes comparisons of new fixed-phone users by region.
Chart 9 reveals how much growth each region was able to capture in mobile phone users.
The telecom industry’s fixed-asset investment in eastern, central and western China respectively dropped 12.1 percent, 11.4 percent and 11.3 percent from the same period of 2009 in the first eleven months, as they are shown in Chart 10.
Below, Chart 11 ranks the top 10 provinces and municipalities in terms of revenues from main telecom businesses in Jan-Nov 2010.
Guangdong province led the country by numbers of fixed and mobile phone users.
The following two charts (Chart 12 and 13) rank the top 10 provinces and municipalities respectively in terms of fixed and mobile phone users: The Chart 14 below shows the top ten provinces and municipalities in terms of fixed-asset investments of the telecom industry in the first eleven months of the year.
(Source: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology) (Edited by Luo Jingjing, firstname.lastname@example.org)
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[December 20, 2010]
China Unicom, Telephone World Join Hands in 3G Channel
BEIJING, Dec 20, 2010 (SinoCast Daily Business Beat via COMTEX) — China Unicom, the second largest mobile telecom operator in the nation, and Telephone World jointly announced the overall strategic cooperation relationship on December 17, 2010.
This is the first time that the telecom operator carries out an all-aspect business and service in-depth cooperation with professional mobile phone chain companies since the telecom expands the domestic home appliance chain channel.
China Telecom is said to authorize the partner to act as an agency for its 3G business, and carry out cooperation in other business, such as 2G, fixed line telephone business and broadband business based on this. Telephone World will set up China Unicom business handling and terminal sales districts at each store across the nation, introduce into China Unicom WCDMA business, provide multiplied WCDMA 3G well-known brand mobile phones, and build an one-stop service platform integrating mobile phone brand release, mobile phone function presentation, music and information downloading, mutual experience of 3G business, and after-sale service of products.
Source: www.caijing.com.cn (December 20, 2010)
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China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said Thursday it is working with “relevant parties” to draft a document aimed at guiding telecommunications companies in reminding users about the prices of communications services, adding the ministry has noted recent incidents in which users were charged high prices for sending certain types of messages via mobile phones.
Those incidents include messages sent to microblogging and instant-messaging services, and high fees charged for mobile data services used outside China, the ministry said.
China Unicom (Hong Kong) Ltd.’s parent company, China United Network Communications Group Co., said on its website Thursday that one of its subscribers who traveled to Russia recently incurred charges of CNY3,948 due to the use of international roaming data services.
A Unicom Group spokesman declined to comment on the ministry’s statement.
Asia News Network — SK Telecom, South Korea’s top mobile carrier, announced that it has introduced the world’s first commercial mobile telematics service in China.
The E-MIV service will enable people to use their mobile phones to protect, control and manage their cars, according to SKT officials.
SKT has partnered with Shenzhen E-eye, a Chinese GPS service provider, to tap into the telematics market in China. SKT purchased a 65.5 percent stake in the Chinese company earlier in 2007.
“Building on the experience of commercializing the mobile in-vehicle service in Shenzhen, SK Telecom plans to further expand its presence in China,” said Lee Jin-woo, senior vice president and head of the data business office at SKT. “Our ultimate goal is to have the MIV systems installed in cars at the production line before they hit the market.”
Through the services, people can track the location of their vehicle and control their car’s door, trunk and headlights, as well as manage vehicle operation information and maintenance history.
People can access E-MIV with any smartphone, regardless of operating system and the service is web-based and accessible through any browser.
Currently, drivers in China can choose E-MIV as an option when they purchase a vehicle.
“E-MIV will allow us to provide differentiated services and contribute to our continued growth,” said Peng Yangming, president of Shenzhen E-eye. “We expect to surpass US$104.99 million in revenue and become the market leader in 2015.”
China United Network Communications Group Co.’s handling of contract rules for Apple Inc.’s iPhone brought a rebuke from government regulators as the guidelines caused “widespread concern,” Xinhua news agency said.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology asked Unicom Group, parent of China Unicom (Hong Kong) Ltd., “to respect and protect the legitimate rights and interests of telecommunications users, improve the service agreement, and improve service quality,” Xinhua quoted an unidentified ministry official as saying.
Unicom Group, the only mobile phone operator in China now authorized to offer the iPhone, on Nov. 22 issued rules on its website stating that customers may have account deposits frozen if the iPhone is separated from its bundled subscriber identity module, or SIM card. The iPhone4 is in short supply in China because some buyers have purchased the handsets for resale, the carrier said in the statement. The unbundled phones are then used on the network of rival China Mobile Communications Corp.
“There’s a lot of publicity regarding this phone so the ministry is saying ‘you’ve got to be careful with this,’” Paul Wuh, a Hong Kong-based analyst at Samsung Securities Co., said in an interview today. “The ministry is also telling them they have to make sure overall 3G service quality needs to continue to improve. They are subsidizing these phones and they want to make sure they get the most benefit from it.”
Wen Baoqiu, a spokesman for the Unicom Group, confirmed the accuracy of the government’s statement as reported by Xinhua, and posted on the ministry’s website.
“The ministry requires every enterprise to respect and protect consumer rights,” Wen said. “Our new rules haven’t harmed consumer interests. It was in order to protect consumer rights that we issued these rules. It doesn’t mean the ministry is unhappy with the rules. They are not happy or unhappy.”
Ministry spokesman Wang Lijian wasn’t immediately available to comment.
Even with the exclusive arrangement for Apple’s iPhone, Unicom has been unable to match larger rival China Mobile in the addition of users to the high-speed, third-generation networks that allow smartphones to surf the Internet and download music. China Mobile in October added 1.7 million 3G subscribers, compared with Unicom’s 1.1 million, according to data the companies released last month.
China Mobile had a total of 575 million mobile phone subscribers at the end of October, including 17 million 3G users. China Unicom had 163.8 million mobile subscribers, including 11.7 million 3G customers.
To contact the reporter on this story: Edmond Lococo in Beijing at email@example.com
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By the end of October, China has only 38.6 million 3G mobile phone users, accounting for a tiny proportion of the country’s 800 million mobile base, the PCWorld reported on Thursday.
While more people in China are adopting 3G service on their mobile phones, the next generation network is still far from becoming mainstream among users, the report said.
China launched the 3G mobile network in January 2009, when its largest mobile operator China Mobile began offering 3G commercial services to retail users.
China Mobile said it would try to meet a government target of signing up 50 million 3G users by the end of the year, but so far has signed up only 16.9 million.
The country’s two other mobile operators, China Unicom and China Telecom, have 11.6 million and 10 million 3G users respectively.
But even as more Chinese users are buying so-called smart-phones, some are choosing to stay with the older 2G networks, analysts say. When users look to upgrade to a 3G network, they ask if the pricing is right as more and more retail users are getting increasingly conscious of mobile expenditure.
People’s Daily Online
While more people in China are adopting 3G service on their mobile phones, the next generation network is still far from becoming mainstream among users in the country.
At the end of October, China had 38.6 million 3G mobile users, almost 300 percent up from a year earlier, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. However, that’s only a small fraction of China’s total mobile phone user base, which now stands at more than 800 million, according to official figures.
The country first launched its 3G next generation network in January 2009, when its largest mobile carrier China Mobile began offering 3G commercial services.
China Mobile said it would try to meet a government target of signing up 50 to 80 million 3G users to its network by the end of the year, but so far has signed up only 16.9 million. Analysts say even that figure is inflated, as it includes users of the company’s “wireless wireline” phones, which connect via the 3G network but act more as landline phones.
The country’s two other mobile carriers, China Unicom and China Telecom, have 11.6 million and 10 million 3G users, respectively.
“All of the operators had initially expected to have a considerably greater number of users by the end of 2010,” said Mark Natkin, managing director of Beijing-based Marbridge Consulting. “I think for China Mobile, from the outset, that number would have been difficult, if not impossible to achieve. But even the other two operators had hoped to see a much brisker uptake.”
Fewer 3G users means fewer customers using 3G data services, Natkin added. Telecom operators believe such data services can bring added revenue as users look to their mobile phones to download apps and entertainment on their handsets.
The availability of smartphones has been critical for that growth. But the phones are expensive, with many of the more popular brands at least 2000 yuan (US$300) or higher, something analysts see as the main stumbling block preventing many average Chinese consumers from buying a device.
Still, Apple’s iPhone 4 has been an exception to that trend. With the 16GB version of the device priced at 4,999 yuan ($752), the iPhone 4 continues to sell out, two months after its official launch in China.
This has been good news for China Unicom, the sole mobile carrier of the device. The company reported this week that it had more than 600,000 pre-orders for the device, and that it could still not meet the demand.
One thing that helped China Unicom land the distribution rights to the iPhone was its adoption of the WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) 3G standard, widely used outside China. This has made it easier for companies like Apple to bring their devices to the carrier, and given China Unicom a stronger selection of smartphones, as the same phones sold elsewhere can be used in China.
China Mobile, however, uses the TD-SCDMA (Time Division Synchronous CDMA) 3G standard, a technology developed in China and not used elsewhere. As a result, a device like Apple’s iPhone 4 cannot use China Mobile’s 3G network, but instead only rely on its older 2G network.
“China Mobile has its albatross in TD-SCDMA. Nobody wants it,” said Duncan Clark, chairman of technology consultancy BDA.
But this hasn’t stopped China Mobile from trying to get people to use the iPhone 4 on its network. The carrier has been offering a service to alter customer’s SIM cards so that they can fit within the smaller slot of an iPhone 4. But without access to a 3G network, users won’t be getting the most out of their iPhone 4, analysts say.
“TD-SCDMA is basically imposing a burden. As networks get faster on WCDMA, people are more likely wanting to use their iPhone on that network,” Duncan said. “China Unicom has a nice window to exploit the iPhone.”
China Unicom is also taking the efforts to protect the purchases of its iPhones from being resold. Earlier this week, the company said it would freeze the deposits of customers who had signed a contract for an iPhone 4 if it was found that their handset was being used with a different phone number.
Still, Apple only occupies a small share of the smartphone market in China, at about 5.9 percent, according to Beijing-based research firm Analysys International. Nokia holds the largest share of the market, followed by Samsung, Motorola, and Sony-Ericsson. In the third quarter of 2010, sales in China for smartphones reached 17 million units, a 31.6 percent increase from the same period last year.
But even as more Chinese users are buying smartphones, some are choosing to stay with the older 2G networks, analysts say. When users look to upgrade to a 3G network, they ask if the pricing is right, as well as if the features and applications they can download on their handset are worth the costs, Natkin said.
“Many users seem to be answering that question by staying with 2G,” he added.
BEIJING, Nov 19, 2010 (SinoCast Daily Business Beat via COMTEX) —
Austen Mulinder, vice president of communications at Microsoft, reveals when receiving an interview that mobile phones based on Windows Phone 7, which are on sale this week by AT&T (NYSE: T | PowerRating) and T-Mobile, has received warm welcome in the market.
Two years ago, Microsoft decided to develop a new operating system for mobile phones. Handsets compatible with WP7 have not been launched until last month.
Prior to WP7, Microsoft is known for its Windows Mobile operating system. The software giant provides the platform for terminal makers, leaving the hardware design and configuration to their own decisions.
When being asked when WP7-based mobile phones will be available in China, Tommy Wen, vice president of Microsoft Greater China Region, points out it needs time for the Chinese localization of the system to adapt to the consumption habits of local customers. He discloses that Chinese telecommunications carriers have shown great interest in WP7-based handsets and contacted with Microsoft for customized introduction.
Source: news.ccidnet.com (November 19, 2010)
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China Unicom and ZTE Jointly Launch WoStore in Hong Kong
Business Wire (Business Wire India)
Hong Kong S.A.R :
ZTE Corporation (“ZTE”) (H share stock code: 0763.HK / A share stock code: 000063.SZ), a leading global provider of telecommunications equipment and network solutions, today announced that it will jointly introduce China Unicom’s multi-platform, multi-device application store called the “WoStore” into Hong Kong.
Launched earlier in Shanghai, China, the WoStore online application service is built entirely by ZTE and will support all open smartphone platforms except for iPhone, as well as terminal devices such as tablet PCs and MIDs (mobile Internet devices). “Wo” is a 3G brand created by China Unicom to reach out to its mobile phone users.
The WoStore adopts mobile phone numbers as usernames and opens registration to all mobile phone users (including 2G or 3G users) of China Unicom’s entire network. Upon successful registration, a user can browse, purchase, download, gift, recommend and add applications to their favorite folders on the WoStore portal.
The announcement was made at Mobile Asia Congress 2010, where China Unicom and ZTE demonstrated the availability of mobile phone applications via WoStore at their booth. These fall into business, game, entertainment and other categories, and can be downloaded using high-speed broadband networks to multiple types of terminals and mobile devices.
The service leverages China Unicom’s extensive range of 3G terminals and rich mobile applications, and is an important part of the company’s 3G portfolio. It follows on from the network operator’s successful Apple iPhone launch strategy this year.
“China Unicom is building an application store industry chain based on our mature WCDMA platform, bringing together developers, platform vendors and terminal vendors to provide all parties with rich content and applications,” said Mr. Lu Yimin, General Manager of China Unicom. “Our WoStore is created as a platform for innovation and sharing. We expect a great majority of developers and users to participate in the experience of China Unicom’s WoStore.”
“With a unique advantageous WCDMA network, China Unicom is optimistic about the potential of its WoStore service,” said ZTE Vice President Yu Yifang. ”ZTE is honored to be the sole partner for the online service platform and to jointly promote this service with China Unicom in Hong Kong.”
Beside its inherent business value, the WoStore service is expected to grow China Unicom’s 3G mobile Internet service penetration rate as well as cultivate more 3G user groups.
ZTE is a leading global provider of telecommunications equipment and network solutions with the most comprehensive product range covering virtually every sector of the wireline, wireless, service and terminals markets. The company delivers innovative, custom-made products and services to over 500 operators in more than 140 countries, helping them to meet the changing needs of their customers while achieving continued revenue growth. ZTE’s 2009 revenue led the industry with a 36% increase to USD 8,820.7 million. ZTE commits 10 percent of its revenue to research and development and takes a leading role in a wide range of international bodies developing emerging telecoms standards. A company with sound corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, ZTE is a member of the UN Global Compact. ZTE is China’s only listed telecom manufacturer, publicly traded on both the Hong Kong and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges (H share stock code: 0763.HK / A share stock code: 000063.SZ). For more information, please visit www.zte.com.cn.
A series of at least 10 mobile viruses have been spreading across mobile phone systems, costing users millions of dollars. That the problem is restricted to one country appears to suggest its related to a network’s own variant of an operating system.
The way the scam works is reminiscent of traditional computer viruses. The virus comes in the form of a bogus application purporting to itself be antivirus software. Its popped up in multiple incarnations, likely with the aim of making it harder for genuine security checks to catch them all. And once installed on a phone, it passes itself on to other users on the contact list.
What makes this particularly nasty, though, is that it’s not just a case of a user’s e-mail being hijacked. Instead the virus passes itself on to other users via a text message. And even though the text is sent to known contacts, it being done in a way that entails a premium rate charge. The total daily cost to victims since September has been estimated at 2 million yuan — roughly US$300,000 a day.
The strategy of those behind the scam appears to be to have each incarnation spread to a critical mass of people. At that point, the virus stops sending out copies of itself and instead sends text messages containing pay-per-click advertisements.
Another unusual factor about this virus is that it appears confined to China: traditional computer viruses do not respect national borders. The most credible explanation on offer is that it takes advantage of a flaw in Open Mobile System. That’s a customized edition of Android used by China Mobile, a network with more than half a billion subscribers.
If such a flaw exists, the sheer number of potential victims it would certainly be a very attractive market to the type of virus creator who is more interested in profits that mischief making.
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